Maritime Security


Best Practices

Best Maritime Sanctions Compliance Practices


Sanctions vary in complexity and, more often than not, the measures are not easily and unambiguously understood, or immediately implementable without an understanding of its intent and implications associated with it. This section contains guidance, advice and direction to help stakeholders in the maritime sector, by tapping into experience and analyses of cases where compliance failed or interested parties undertook deliberate studies to improve the effectiveness of implementation, compliance and ultimately, the efficacy of fulfilling international obligations.

Best practice:

“a procedure that has been shown by research and experience to produce optimal results and that is established or proposed as a standard suitable for widespread adoption.” Meriam Webster


Document Verification Manual

Sanctions evasion nearly always involves falsified or forged documents concerning a vessel’s identity. These illegal practices are also employed to hide illegal fishing, particularly the identity, operational history and past activities, cost reduction, and to misinform and confuse licensing, flagging and inspection authorities – to hide their record of illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing and, of course, to evade sanctions (especially that of North Korea).

The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) Task Force on IUU has endorsed this Manual developed by Trygg Mat Tracking and their partners, to help stop illegal fishing - to be used as an aid to provide practical training and practical lessons drawn from real cases in East and West Africa. These lessons and related information can help authorities and relevant agencies to identify vessels and operators that are involved in illegal activities – by conducting checks on vessel documents when they request entry into port – as part of effective port State measures. It is available to download in English, French and Portuguese.