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We are expert practitioners supporting governments, the international community, and businesses, in achieving these objectives:

  •     Protecting national, international and human security
  •     Enhancing the non-proliferation of conventional arms and weapons of mass destruction
  •     Strengthening border and sea/air-port security
  •     Building financial sector and cyber space integrity
  •     Preventing human and gender rights abuses


We research specific security challenges and how states, the international community and corporations address these risks.
We develop curricula, guidance, tools, manuals and handbooks to enhance the implementation, compliance and due diligence skills of public and private sector professionals.
We convene international stakeholders to develop and enhance best practices for the application of strategic trade controls, sanctions and human rights.


Farah AbuSahliya is currently focused on Economic and Political Development and the Middle East, following his long-term interest in supporting conflict resolution and peacebuilding initiatives in Palestine and Syria. He was also involved in diverse research projects such as the status of long-term migrants in post-civil war Libya and on US viewpoints of key foreign policy questions. Working with CCSI, Farah hopes to combine in a practical manner his interests in conflict resolution and peacebuilding through effective implementation of UN sanctions. He received his Master of International Affairs (MIA) from Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA)

Enrico Carisch co-implemented on behalf of Australia, Belgium, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden the development of the Best Practices Guide for Chairs and Members of UN Sanctions Committees (2020) that followed the High Level Review of UN sanctions, and the Assessment of Achievements, Challenges, and Opportunities resulting from the Recommendations of the HLR Compendium. He has co-developed UN system-wide sanctions training programs sponsored by Canada and other states and international organizations. He co-authored “The Evolution of UN Sanctions: From a Tool of Warfare to a Tool of Peace, Security and Human Rights.

Carisch served the United Nations Security Council as a financial and natural resources sanctions monitor prior to co-founding CCSI. He continues to lead and conduct research and capacity-building projects in conflict-affected regions, and frequently authors and co-authors implementation manuals for non-proliferation sanctions, sanctions implementation studies, books and articles. He currently leads sanctions implementation trainings for governments and industries around the world.

Selected Publications

Carisch Enrico; 聯合國對北韓制裁實施手冊 – 2019 年 3 月

Carisch Enrico, Mwongozo wa Utekelezaji wa Vikwazo vya Umoja wa Mataifa vilivyowekewa Korea Kaskazini – Machi 2019

Carisch, Enrico; Manual de implementação para sanções da ONU na Coreia do Norte – Março de 2019

Carisch, Enrico; Manuel d’application des sanctions des Nations Unies contre la Corée du Nord – Les défis qui confrontent les États Africains francophones; January 2019;

Carisch, Enrico; በሰሜን ኮሪያ ላይ የተጣሉ የተባበሩት መንግስታት ማዕቀቦች ትግበራ መመሪያ መጽሐፍ – የአፍሪካ አገሮችን የሚገጥሙ ተግዳሮቶች – መስከረም 2018

Carisch, Enrico, Implementation Handbook for UN Sanctions on North Korea – The Challenges faced by African States, November 2018 (Amharic, English and Swahili)

Carisch, Enrico, Rickard-Martin, Loraine, Meister Shawna; The Evolution of UN Sanctions: Form a Tool of Warfare to a Tool of Peace, Security and Human Rights; Springer; November 2017

Carisch, Enrico and Rickard-Martin, Loraine; United Nations Non-Proliferation Regimes on Iran and DPRK Regime; CCSI Publishing (ISBN-13: 978-0996926331); November 2015.

Carisch, Enrico; Congo’s Golden Web – The people, companies and countries that profit from the illegal trade in Congolese gold;
Southern African Resource Watch, Johannesburg – South Africa; November 2014.
Carisch, Enrico and Rickard-Martin, Loraine; United Nations Sanctions on Iran and North Korea: An Implementation Manual; International Peace Institute, New York – USA; March 2014

Carisch Enrico;;= The High Cost of Congolese Gold – Poverty, Abuse and the Collapse of Family and Community Structures; Southern African Resource Watch, Johannesburg – South Africa; 2013

Carisch, Enrico and Rickard-Martin, Loraine; Sanctions and the Effort to Globalize Natural Resources Governance; Friedrich Ebert Foundation, New York – USA; 2013

Carisch, Enrico; Conflict Gold to Criminal Gold – The New Face of Artisanal Gold Mining in Congo; Southern African Resource Watch; Johannesburg – South Africa; 2012

Global Threats and the Role of United Nations Sanctions; Friedrich Ebert Foundation, New York – USA; 2011

Carisch, Enrico; Institutional Responses to 9/11 in Terrornomics edited by David Gold, and Sean S Costigan, Ashgate Publishing Limited, London – UK (ISBN-13: 978-0754649953); 2007

Ambassador Danielsson served as Head of Secretariat of the Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Control for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies for ten years. He was elected unanimously to this post in June 2002 and re-elected in December 2005 and in December 2009. He resigned from that position in June 2012 after completing his last mandate.

He has occupied a number of functions in the Swedish Foreign Service. From 1992 to 1997 he was the first Swedish Ambassador to Croatia and he also de facto covered Bosnia and Hercegovina from 1992 to 1996. During this time his responsibilities included liaison with the UN operations in former Yugoslavia, refugees and humanitarian assistance. Before this, he served as Assistant Under-Secretary for Human Rights, Treaties and Public Law in the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs. As Counsellor at the Swedish Mission to the UN in New York 1983 to 1987 he worked with matters relating to disarmament, arms control and international security. Before this he was responsible for outer space matters in the Swedish Foreign Ministry. His other postings include the Swedish Embassies in Ankara and London in the 1970s.

During the Swedish Presidency of the EU in 2001 he was appointed Ambassador in the Swedish Ministry for Foreign Affairs and Special Negotiator on Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) with the task of coordinating and representing the European Union at the United Nations Conference on SALW and in the negotiations on the United Nations Firearms Protocol. From 1998 to 2000 he was seconded to the OSCE Secretariat in Vienna to develop a strategy for capacity-building and training. Before being elected to the post as Head of the Wassenaar Arrangement Secretariat he worked in the European Commission on issues relating to conflict prevention and crisis management in Directorate General RELEX.

Ambassador Danielsson works as an independent consultant with governments, international organisations and industry promoting strategic trade controls and non- proliferation of sensitive products. In this capacity he has provided expert advice in the framework of relevant bilateral and regional programs of the US and the EU, in particular in South East Asia and the Caribbean, relating to the control of exports of arms and dual-use goods and technology.

Fereshteh Forough was born a refugee in Iran after her family fled Afghanistan because of the Soviet invasion. Despite the family’s circumstances, her parents instilled in her and her siblings the value of education from an early age. Her mother sewed clothing to sell in order to earn money to buy school supplies for the children. When she was a teen, the Taliban regime collapsed and she and her family moved back to Herat, Afghanistan. After returning to Herat, she earned her Bachelor’s in Computer Science. She later earned her Master’s from Technical University of Berlin in Germany. She returned to Herat University to join the Computer Science faculty, where she taught for almost three years. In 2015, she established Code to Inspire, the first computer coding school for girls in Afghanistan. Leading all aspects of operations and fundraising remotely, CTI educated more than 250 students so far in coding and graphic design classes. Ms. Forough remains focused on a vision of a future for her homeland where young women play a prominent role in the economy and future success.

Code <to> Inspire

Code to Inspire (CTI) is the first computer coding school for girls in Afghanistan founded in January 2015 by former refugee and computer science professor Fereshteh Forough. CTI empowers women in Afghanistan to drive economic and social progress by teaching them how to code, helping them find jobs, create startup ventures, build digital careers and achieve economic independence.

Code to Inspire addresses poverty, cultural and patriarchal barriers, freedom of movement and economic challenges that women in Afghanistan face by providing a free one year after school program in a safe environment for women aged 18-25. By teaching them coding and other complementary skills, such as graphic design, they begin a path towards financial independence and help narrow the economic and educational gender gap in Afghanistan.

Success stories from our graduates:

Parima Faqiri Photo

Parima Faqiri

iOS and Android Mobile App Developer ( Class 2018-2020 )

There was something I could never imagine – getting a job from my technical skills. Lack of opportunities for women in my city and Afghanistan is a big pushback for women to join the tech sector.

When I enrolled at CTI to become a mobile application developer, I was excited to be in a safe place where I can express myself without being criticized and always encouraged.

I was able to develop a mobile app for the Afghanistan Traffic department. Many people downloaded the app and provided insightful feedback and also encouraged me to make more apps.

After I grated from CTI, with their support I got introduced to a startup in the US to help them with their upcoming mobile project. It is my first paid job and I am so proud of myself to be on the path of financial independence and supporting my family.

CTI is my home and I am so grateful for their support.

Farahnaz Osmani Photo

Farahnaz Osmani

Graphic Design Department ( Class 2017-2019 )

Farahnaz Osmani is one of our top graduates from Graphic Design class. Her dedication, creativity and hard work inspired us to hire her as Code to Inspire graphic design mentor and set an example to the other students to be a role model.

Farahnaz says: “Since I was a child I had a deep interest in art and creativity.
When I just enrolled in the university, I learned about CTI and its graphic design class.
During my studies at CTI I found it as an ideal place for any female student who wants to grow without hesitation and fear.

CTI provided any resources in their capacity to improve our skills. When I asked for a digital pen to do a digital art project, without hesitation school management provided me one. I managed to deliver several paid outsourcing projects for the first time in my life for clients in the US, Europe and Afghanistan.

Arezo Akrami Photo

Arezo Akrami

Web Designer (Class 2015-2017)

Arezo Akrami knew very little about computers when she learned about Code to Inspire. The daughter of merchants and one of five children living in Afghanistan, the high school student enrolled in CTI’s Web Development/Web Design class and fell in love with programming and CTI’s safe and welcoming environment. Two years later, she graduated from the CTI program and launched a freelance web development business. The early days were tough, but Arzo landed a project to create a website for a nonprofit organization in Herat. The organization loved her work and hired her as an employee to provide web development services.

“The first ever salary I received through my coding skills was an unforgettable feeling. I was jumping around and wanted to fly,” Arzo said. “I am so happy that I can make money by myself and I am so grateful to CTI for helping to make this happen.”

Dr. Holmes is a Marine Consultant and a maritime operations specialist with 40 years of experience in positions that include senior level Coast Guard Officer, Fortune 500 executive, and government senior manager. His consulting clients have included the Port of Long Beach, the U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency, and the International Atomic Energy Agency. In 2017 he was the Co-principal Investigator on a MacArthur Foundation Grant project regarding Bolstering Counter-Proliferation Efforts within the Global Supply System. Prior to his current position, he served as Deputy Executive Director for the Port of Los Angeles, where he was responsible for managing the day-to-day operations at the largest port in the United States.

Dr. Holmes retired from the U.S. Coast Guard in 2003 after serving as Captain of the Port of the Los Angeles-Long Beach port complex. He was responsible for the security of the port from 2000 to 2003, and has been credited with the creation of a number of national initiatives regarding port and maritime security. During his Coast Guard career, he served as Deputy Chief of the Office of Congressional Affairs, a Country Team Member at the U.S. Embassy in Singapore, and a Committee Chairman at the International Maritime Organization in London.

Dr. Holmes was a member of the Marine Board of the Transportation Research Board from 2008 until 2016. He was also a member of the National Academies Committee on Advanced Spectroscopic Portals (2010), and the Committee on Performance Metrics for the Global Nuclear Detection Architecture (2013). He holds degrees in English and Education from Boston College, a Master’s Degree in business administration from Washington University in St. Louis, and a Doctorate in Policy, Planning and Development from the University of Southern California. His area of expertise is treaty compliance, with a particular emphasis on United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1373 and 1540.

Raoul Kitungano is Coordinator of Justice Pour Tous, a local organization advocating for respect of UN norms on the responsibilities of corporations and business with regard to human rights and the rights of local communities. The headquarters of Justice Pour Tous is in Bukavu, the capital city of South Kivu in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

Mr. Kitungano has strong experience in community work and human rights issues in Eastern Congo. Moreover, he is an influential member of the thematic group on mining that guides policy design in the province of South Kivu.

He earned a bachelor’s degree in Environment from the Higher Institute of Management and has taken specialized courses focused on mining environment. Prior to serving as the Coordinator of Justice Pour Tous, he served as a consultant for national NGOs as trainer and researcher on natural resources governance.

Mr. Kitungano attended the Human Rights Advocates Program at Columbia University (2016). This program strengthened his ability to raise funds and promote the activities of Justice Pour Tous NGO. He has also served as a speaker at several regional & international workshops and conferences dealing with natural resources in Africa’s Great Lakes.

Ms. Lyngdorf is Deputy to the Permanent Representative of Iceland to the Council of Europe in Strasbourg. She was the Sanctions Coordinator on Sweden’s Security Council team in New York (2017-2018). She was in charge of Sweden‘s chairmanship of the Libya and Mali Sanctions Committees as well as Sweden‘s engagement in the ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaida and the Taliban Sanctions Committees, the technical sanctions aspects of the 1718 (DPRK) Committee and horizontal sanctions matters in all other sanctions committees. She assisted committee members and non-Council members in navigating the procedures of the committees, particularly in terms of listings, delistings, exemptions and exceptions to arms embargoes, export bans on natural resources, travel bans, asset freezes, etc. She was also involved in negotiating mandate renewals related to sanctions and counter-terrorism.

Ms. Lyngdorf previously served as Senior Advisor at the Permanent Mission of Sweden in Geneva, Human Rights Expert at the Permanent Mission of Iceland in Geneva and as Legal Advisor and Election Officer at the Permanent Mission of Sweden in New York during Sweden’s Security Council campaign. Prior to joining the Swedish Mission, she worked as a Legal Officer in the UN Office of Legal Affairs (Codification Division), as a research associate on the DOMAC project (Impact of International Courts on Domestic Criminal Procedures in Mass Atrocity Cases) and as a human rights specialist at the Icelandic Human Rights Centre.

Shawna Meister is a Research and Policy Analyst with over 15 years experience, including working with CCSI on various projects for the past six years. Her background includes analyzing United Nations (UN) sanctions, civil war in Africa and the Middle East, and peacekeeping missions. She has produced numerous publications including authoring analytical and technical reports, case studies, journal articles, and as a contributing author to books. Some of these publications have included analyses of the full range of UN sanctions regimes, the conflict in Sierra Leone, and UN peacekeeping missions. Ms. Meister skills include multi-scale project management and transforming complex information and analyses into useable products such as training guides, educational manuals, public tools and resources, and websites.

Nikos Passas is Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Northeastern University, Distinguished Lecturer in Financial Integrity at Case Western Reserve Law School, Distinguished Visiting Professor at Beijing Normal University, and Chair of the Academic Council of the Anti-Corruption Academy in India. He serves on the International Advisory Board of the Center for the Study of Democracy’s Regional Good Governance Public–Private Partnership Platform, Sofia, on the Advisory Board of the Global Risk Profile in Geneva, on the University of Birmingham Centre for Crime, Justice and Policing, and on the International Panel of Advisors of the Institute for Australia India Engagement, Brisbane. He served as Team Leader for a European Union Commission project on financial vigilance and effective implementation of sanctions against proliferation and WMD finance. For 14 years, he served as editor-in-chief of the international journal Crime, Law and Social Change and is associate editor for a number of journals. He has published more than 240 articles, book chapters, reports and books in 15 languages. His current work focuses on illicit trade in falsified medical products, corruption, trade-based financial crime and illicit flows.

Selected Publications

Martin Rioux-Lefebvre has over 12 years of experience developing and implementing projects for government clients and international organizations, leading business development efforts, and advising policymakers. In addition to managing CCSI’s programs and building strategic initiatives, he also serves as subject matter expert on sanctions compliance and nuclear safeguards and security.

Martin previously worked for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in the Office of the Deputy Director General and Head of the Department of Safeguards, and in the Division of Nuclear Security, where he managed the Incident and Trafficking Database program (ITDB) and worked on the development of the Nuclear Security Information Management System (NUSIMS). He also worked as a Consultant at the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) and for firms in Canada and in the U.S.

Martin holds a Master of Arts from the School of Public Policy and Global Affairs at the University of British Columbia (2009).

Dr. Schindler is the Senior Director of the Counter Extremism Project, co-chair of the Advisory Board of the Global Diplomatic Forum (GDF) in London and teaching fellow at the Academy for Security in the Economy (ASW Akademie AG) in Essen, Germany. Between 2013 and 2018 he served as the Coordinator and Expert of the ISIL (Da’esh)/ Al -Qaida/Taliban Sanctions Monitoring Team as mandated by the United Nations Security Council. From 2011 and 2013 he worked as Program Director of the Institute for Strategic Dialogue (ISD) in London (UK) and as Associate Partner for Political Risk at West Sands, London (UK). Prior to these engagements, Mr. Schindler served as First Secretary for Political Affairs and Liaison Officer to the Security Forces at the Germany Embassy in Tehran (Iran) between 2005 and 2011 and held other positions with the Federal Government of Germany related to conflict analysis and counter-terrorism since 2001. He has extensive experience in crisis management and in advisory roles to senior government and corporations, specifically on enhancing security policies, practices and implementation strategies for the UN and the German government. Having studied in Tübingen (Germany), Georgetown (Washington, D.C.), Tel Aviv (Israel) and St Andrews (UK), he holds a Master’s and a PhD Degree from St Andrews University focused on international terrorism.

Selected Publications

Modernisierung der Terrorismusfinanzierung. Herausforderungen für die Industrie, in: Christian Vogt, Patrick Hennies, Christian Endreß, Patrick Peters (eds): Wirtschaftsschutz in der Praxis. Herausforderungen an die Sicherheit im Zeitalter von Digitalisierung und Krise, VS Verlag 2021 (forthcoming)

Terrorismusfinanzierung, in: Joachim Krause, Liane Rothenberger, Jannis Jost, Kira Frankenthal (eds): Interdisziplinäre Terrorismusforschung – Handbuch für Wissenschaft und Praxis, Nomos, 2021 (forthcoming)

Challenging Interfaces in Monitoring and Enforcing UN Counter-Terrorism Sanctions, in: Sasha Lohmann, Judith Vorrath(eds): International Sanctions. Improving Implementation through Better Interface Management. Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politk (SWP), Working Paper2021 (forthcoming)

Misuse of online services for the financing of terrorism, Counter IED Report, Spring/Summer 2021 (forthcoming)

Alexander Ritzmann, Dr. Hans-Jakob Schindler, Lucinda Creighton, EU Commission consultation: Digital Services Act package – ex ante regulatory instrument of very large online platforms acting as gatekeepers, CEP Policy Paper, May 2021

Dr. Hans-Jakob Schindler, Alexander Ritzmann, Marco Macori, Virtual Event Series 2021: Violent Right-Wing Extremism and Terrorism, CEP Briefing Paper, May 2021

Pandemic of Extremism, in: Global Diplomatic Forum (ed), The Global Agenda, Vol. 2, 2021-2023, May 2021

An Assessment of the Efforts to Mitigate the Impact of US Secondary Sanctions: The EU Blocking Statue and INSTEX, in: Shima Shine, Iran and the International Arena: Challenges and Opportunities, The Institute for National Security Studies (INSS), Tel Aviv 2021

After Action Report. Virtual Side Event: The Financing of Right-wing and Ethnically or Racially Motivated Terrorism, CEP Policy Paper December 2020

Kacper Rekawek, Alexander Ritzmann, Hans-Jakob Schindler, Violent Right-Wing Extremism and Terrorism. Transnational Connectivity, Definitions, Incidents, Structures and Countermeasures, CEP commissioned by the Federal Foreign Office of Germany, November 2020

Hany Farid, Alexander Ritzmann, Hans-Jakob Schindler, The EU Digital Services Act (DSA). Recommendations For An Effective Regulation Against Terrorist Content Online, CEP Policy Paper, September 2020

Radek Sikorski, Lucinda Creighton, Hans-Jakob Schindler, Time for EU to get real on Hezbollah, EUObserver, 1 September 2020

New Technologies: The Emerging Terrorist Financing Risk, ACAMS Today Europe, Vol. 2 No. 1, June 2020

Hany Farid, Hans-Jakob Schindler, Deep Fakes. On the Threat of Deep Fakes to Democracy and Society, CEP and KAS, May 2020

Terrorismusfinanzierung und soziale Medien, Institut für Strategie- Politik- Sicherheits- und Wirtschaftsberatung (ISPSW), April 2020

Financing of Terrorism and Social Media Platforms, CEP Policy Paper, April 2020

Alexander Ritzmann, Marco Macori, Hans-Jakob Schindler, NetzDG 2.0. Recommendations for the amendment of the German Network Enforcement Act (NetzDG) and Investigation into the actual blocking and removal processes of YouTube, Facebook and Instagram, CEP Policy Paper, April 2020

Further Development of European Union Regulatory Framework for Cryptocurrencies Necessary to Mitigate Risks of Terrorism Financing, CEP Policy Paper, March 2020

Democratising Deepfakes. How Technological Development Can Influence Our Social Consensus, in: Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (ed), Digital Democracy. International Report, Issue 1, 30 March 2020

United Nations and counter-terrorism: strategy, structure and prevention of violent extremism conducive to terrorism: a practitioner’s view, in Stig Jarle Hansen, Stian Lid (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Deradicalisation and Disengagement, Routledge, March 2020

The Crime Terror Nexus, in: Global Diplomatic Forum (ed), The Global Agenda, Vol. 1, 2019-2020, 20 February 2020

The Underappreciated Instrument of Counterterrorism Sanctions, ACAMS Today, Issue: Vol. 18 No. 4, September 2019

Hans-Jakob Schindler, Frederique Gautier, Looting and Smuggling of Artifacts as a Strategy to Finance Terrorism Global Sanctions as a Disruptive and Preventive Tool, International Journal of Cultural Property, Volume 26, Issue 3 August 2019

Terrorism and the Tech-industry, in: Berlin Risk (ed), Global Risk Affairs, May 2019

Emerging Sanctions Challenges for Global Counter-Terrorism, ACAMS Today Europe, Vol. 1 No. 1, May 2019

Terrorist Financing Must be Next Frontier for European Legislators, Our World, January 2019

The United Nation’s View on al-Qaeda’s Financing Today, in: Aaron Y. Zelin (ed.), How al-Qaeda Survived Drones, Uprisings, and the Islamic State. The Nature of the Current Threat, The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, June 2017

Maiko Takeuchi has 20 years of experience in national security. She specialized in WMD non-proliferation and security export control. She served the United Nations Security Council as a member of the Panel of Experts (UNSCR 1874 Panel of Experts) for North Korea for five years (2016-2021). While on the Panel, she investigated North Korea’s nuclear and other WMD programs and related procurements, and violations of embargos, overseas workers, and activities of UN- designated entities.

Before joining the United Nations, she served the Ministry of Defense for 15 years as a defense policy official. She worked on cyber security strategy and communication systems in the Ministry of Defense, and from 2008 to 2010, she worked on strategic trade control as the chief of the research and planning office at the Ministry of the Economy, Trade and Industry. During her career in government, she was also appointed to the Embassy of Japan in the Republic of Korea as First Secretary and Civilian Defense Attaché for four years. She was appointed to the Cabinet Secretariat for National Security and Crisis Management, where she worked for inter-agency policy coordination.

As a diplomat and strategic trade control officer as well as WMD expert, she has on the ground experience and legal expertise in non-proliferation and strategic trade control. She has had the opportunity to present on outreach and capacity building activities for both government practitioners, industries, and financial institutions.

She is a visiting scholar at the Center for Negotiation and Dispute Resolution Research, Waseda University. She holds a Master’s degree in Regional Studies East Asia from Harvard University, and a Bachelor of Law from the University of Tokyo. While contributing to the media to raise awareness on economic sanctions, she has written a number of articles on the effective implementation of sanctions.

Selected Publications

Brave Women


Amina Upole Nyna graduated in private and judicial law from the Université Libre des Pays des Grands Lacs-Goma/ Democratic Republic of the Congo.

She worked for two years as an intern at Bukavu garrison military Auditorat, as well as on humanitarian issues, during a two-year internship at Maison des Mines des Kivu, an advocacy group for artisanal mining in South Kivu, where she participated in the development of several analyses of EITI reports, and technical notes, among others “Dix commandements pour préparer la validation prochaine de la RDC” in 2017.

She joined CCSi in 2019 as a research collaborator, focusing on gender and sexual violence in conflict-affected, IDP and mining communities.

As an extension of her work with CCSI, she worked as program assistant at PAF-AFRICA / ITURI- Bunia, for focused field research in the Ituri region, as well as on humanitarian issues. She is the founder of Mwanamuke Mjasiri NGO.


Formerly a Captain with 33 years’ service in the South African Navy, Neil specialized in surface warfare and weapons systems, serving nearly 20 years at sea onboard a frigate and fast attack missile boats. Neil has served as the Maritime Expert on the United Nations Security Council Panel of Experts (POE) for North Korea for five years until July 2018. He investigated sanctions evasion, illicit shipments and networks, tracking suspect vessels worldwide and boarded several North Korean vessels, starting with the Chong Chon Gang in 2013. Neil was also responsible for monitoring North Korea’s navy, which included the Sea Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM) program. He co-authored seven reports for the UN Security Council and authored the Maritime Sanctions Handbook for the DPRK. Neil has also contributed to many maritime sanctions articles and news broadcasts concerning North Korea’s illicit activities.

Prior to joining the Panel, he served on the South African National Maritime Security Advisory Committee, the Priority Committee for Maritime Security, and as a member of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) Counter-piracy Assessment Group. Until 2013, he was responsible for developing and executing the national counter piracy strategy.

Neil has conducted extensive sanctions training for the Maritime industry, State departments and related agencies, and Flag States, on sanctions, best practices and due diligence. He advises on Maritime Security – including sanctions compliance and implementation, WMD interdiction, counter-proliferation, vessel tracking systems and databases, vessel seizure, and counter-piracy.

Neil is a graduate of Stellenbosch University, the South African Executive National Security Program (First place and best academic paper) and the Joint Senior Command and Staff Course. He is currently concluding a Master’s Program in International Security and Global Justice. He is Senior Research Associate for Kings College London, United Kingdom – Project Alpha, and a member of the Institute for International Security Studies, and the Korea Society.

Thomas W. Bifwoli is Chief Executive Officer of CCSI Africa. A senior customs and border management expert who has served the Kenya Revenue Authority, as coordinator of UN sanctions monitoring groups, and as chief of the World Customs Organization’s Regional Intelligence Liaison Office for Eastern and Southern Africa (WCO – RILO ESA), Mr. Bifwoli is a seasoned trainer and mentor to law enforcement and border control organizations. As an experienced practitioner, his teaching and training are based on practical and effective customs control and management practices. He has also consulted for the IMF and the WCO, led training and field operations in, among others, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Namibia, Nigeria, and Tanzania, on behalf of the international funding agencies of the African Development Bank, Canada, the UK and the US . Mr. Bifwoli holds a Master’s degree in public policy from the Strathmore Business School (Kenya) and a Bachelor’s in Education and Mathematics from Kenyatta University (Kenya). In his spare time, he practices the duathlon, having qualified to represent his country in the world multisport championships.

As part of Tarita Roy Choudhury’s studies in environmental sustainability and urban space renewal, she is collaborating with CCSI experts on international conflict prevention and resolution to gain a better understanding of how climate change and gender discrimination converge into new conflict dynamics.
The climate crisis is a threat multiplier that impacts communities around the world, and more so in the Global South, with marginalized and vulnerable communities bearing the brunt of the impact. As part of this research, she is working to identify the different kinds of environmental violence experienced in marginalized communities, with a focus on women, as well as examples of environmental stewardship in indigenous communities globally. This research will identify instances of conflict and environmental violence that go beyond the traditional definition of violence and armed conflict, to provide a more comprehensive understanding of these intersectional issues through case studies, interviews, and qualitative and quantitative analyses.

As a native of India with study-work experience in Europe and the United States, she has not only been able to view environmental degradation and possible remedies through a global lens but also from personal experience gathered both in the Global South and North. In collaboration with CCSI, she will deliver an assessment of the most virulent impacts that policy makers should expect if climate change and gender discrimination remain unchecked.

Alba P. Delgado, from Honduras, has a Master’s Degree in Corporate Finance from the University of Valencia, Spain. Currently working with CCSI’s bookkeeping, budgeting, accounts payable and financial reports, Alba is interested not only in the business side of the company, but plans to also join CCSI’s thematic work on UN and international sanctions. She is particularly interested and engaged in fighting gender violence and protecting human rights.

Genevieve Hoffman is a freelance designer and data visualization engineer working to build novel modes of communication and insights with data. Her interests and experience creating data-driven projects span art, visualization, data science, mapping and interactive documentary, for which she was Emmy nominated. She has worked with clients such as Twitter, Scientific American, POV for PBS, the Ford Foundation and The Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins. She teaches a course on data visualization at New York University and is a founding member of the USA for UNHCR’s Data Advisory Board, whose mission is to share data practices from industry to better serve the needs of refugees worldwide.

Mark Jansson is a Project Manager focusing on partnerships and growth. His experience spans nonprofit business development, strategic planning, and program management. He has also organized international conferences, co-authored studies for government and private sector stakeholders, and published articles on numerous issues related to peace and security. Most recently, Mark worked in Uber’s Global Planning and Strategy division where he supported the development of company security policy. Prior to that, he held senior positions with internationally-focused research and capacity building organizations, including CRDF Global, the Federation of American Scientists, and the Center for Strategic and International Studies. Mark received his MA in Conflict Resolution from Georgetown University, a Master’s Certificate in World Religions, Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution from George Mason University, and a BA in Criminal Justice from Roanoke College.

Mr. Lutin serves as Chairman of The Shareholder Forum, which supports investor interests in the responsible corporate management of capital to produce goods and services. Prior to initiating the Forum programs in 1999, with the CFA Society of New York (then called the New York Society of Security Analysts), he had been the lead investor in acquisitions of companies with the management oversight of J. Keith Louden, a prominent business leader and advocate of responsible corporate management during the decades of global industrial development following World War II. Mr. Lutin founded what became the leading U.S. investment bank for growing industrial companies when he was 28 years old, after working at Manufacturers Hanover Trust, Weeden & Company, the Committee for Economic Development, and Salomon Bros. & Hutzler.

Mark McFalls has been involved in the border security domain for many decades, having spent over 35 years with the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA), the World Customs Organization (WCO) and as an independent Customs consultant. While with the CBSA, he served as Manager of Criminal Investigations, National Manager of Enforcement Training and Project Manager for the CBSA’s Radiation Detection Portal Project. He has served as an investigator with the UN Sanctions Assistance Mission in the Balkans and as an investigator with a multi-agency law enforcement unit investigating terrorist financing. He has designed and delivered training to Customs and border officials globally in the areas of strategic trade controls, investigations, intelligence, trade facilitation and risk management.

He has collaborated with numerous international organizations and agencies including the World Customs Organization (WCO), the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, the Organization of American States, the European Anti-Fraud Office, the Central Asian Regional Information and Coordination Centre, the US State Department (EXBS), the US Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the US Customs and Border Protection and the US Department of Energy amongst others. At the WCO he held the positions of Chairman of the Commercial Fraud Training Materials Project Group, training expert for the Strategic Trade Control Enforcement Programme and course designer/facilitator for the WCO Virtual Customs Orientation Academy (VCOA).

He has contributed content as a subject matter expert to various international training and learning products within the context of border management and strategic trade including the WCO VCOA, the Security and Strategic Trade Management Academy as well as the Implementation Manual for Frontline Personnel to Detect and Halt Destabilizing Chemical and Biological Materials.

Muna A. Osman recently joined CCSI Africa as an analyst and project manager specialized in capacity building assistance, development of the energy sector, and alternative energy resources. She works with the World Bank, and has worked previously with CCSI, and many other international organizations, and consulting firms.


Ms. Osman provides the World Bank with a wide range of operational and advisory support on power sector investment and reforms. She has extensive experience in electric utility reforms, electricity generation, transmission, and distribution-related projects, as well as electricity access and renewable energy.


When she joined CCSI in 2019, Muna focused on compiling and analyzing data on the weaponization of cyberspace including digital bank theft and cyber-currency exchanges, intrusions of computer networks to steal military-grade intellectual property, and hacks to modify technical and compliance databanks that normally prevent sanctions violations.

Muna holds a Master’s degree in Advanced Chemical Engineering from Imperial College London as well as a Master’s degree in International Affairs from Columbia University concentrating in Economic and Political Development with a focus on Advanced Policy and Economic Analysis.

Loraine Rickard-Martin delivers the evolving CCSI curriculum to enhance international sanctions practices and implementation skills to diplomatic and government officials, through co-managing sanctions reform processes such as the High Level Review of UN Sanctions (2015) and the follow-on Assessment of the HLR (2017) and co-implementing the Best Practices Guide for Chairs and Members of UN Sanctions Committees (2018 and 2020). Prior to co-founding CCSI in 2011, she served the United Nations for over three decades, including 15 years as senior political affairs officer and sanctions committee secretary in the Security Council Affairs Division of the Department of Political Affairs, New York, advising sanctions committee chairs and members, supporting teams of sanctions monitors, and participating in reform processes to refine the sanctions tool. She was secretary of the UN Secretary-General’s High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change (2003-2004). She advised the African Union’s Peace and Security Council on sanctions issues with the drafting of an AU sanctions manual (2012). She lectured on United Nations sanctions at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs and taught an intensive ten-week course for diplomats at Columbia University (2010-2013). She is the co-author with Enrico Carisch and Shawna Meister of “The Evolution of UN Sanctions: From a Tool of Warfare to a Tool of Peace, Security and Human Rights (2017), and has co-authored other articles and publications on international sanctions.

Selected Publications

Rickard-Martin, Loraine, “United Nations Sanctions – Through a Gender Lens”. In “Multilateral Sanctions Dissected: Lessons Learned from Margaret Doxey”, Andrea Charron and Clara Portela, eds., (McGill Queens UP), forthcoming.

Rickard-Martin, Loraine, and Nowe, Jedrzej, “Can the EU create a powerful sanctions regime?”, (2020, IPS Journal).

Carisch, Enrico, Rickard-Martin, Loraine, Meister, Shawna The Evolution of UN Sanctions: Form a Tool of Warfare to a Tool of Peace, Security and Human Rights; Springer; November 2017

Carisch, Enrico, and Rickard-Martin, Loraine, “Implementation of United Nations Targeted Sanctions”. In “Targeted Sanctions: The Impacts and Effectiveness of United Nations Action”, Thomas Biersteker, Sue E. Eckert and Marcos Tourinho, eds. (2016, Cambridge UP).

Carisch, Enrico and Rickard-Martin, Loraine; United Nations Non-Proliferation Regimes on Iran and DPRK Regime; CCSI Publishing (ISBN-13: 978-0996926331); November 2015.

Carisch, Enrico and Rickard-Martin, Loraine; Sanctions and the Effort to Globalize Natural Resources Governance; Friedrich Ebert Foundation, New York – USA; 2013

Carisch, Enrico and Rickard-Martin, Loraine; Global Threats and the Role of United Nations Sanctions; Friedrich Ebert Foundation, New York – USA; 2011

Edwin Saliba is an economist with over five years of experience with UNDP, providing capacity building and fiscal policy advisory to the Ministry of Finance in Lebanon. He graduated with a Master of Public Administration at Columbia University in May 2019, with a concentration in Economic and Political Development. As a researcher, Edwin is passionate about exploring how stronger government institutions could enhance the use of sanctions. He would like to contribute to the literature on sanctions through his background from the Middle-East, experience in the public sector and special focus on natural resource management.

Cheryl H. Stoute, a national of Trinidad and Tobago, was a Staff Member of the United Nations for thirty-eight years, until she retired in 2006. In the last decade of her career, Ms. Stoute served as Chief of Office and Special Assistant of the Under-Secretary-General for Disarmament Affairs and subsequently as Chief of the Disarmament and Decolonization Affairs Branch in the Department for General Assembly and Conference Management. During this period, Ms. Stoute was also assigned to the posts of Secretary of the United Nations Disarmament Commission, and from 2004 as Secretary of the First Committee (Disarmament and International Security Committee) of the UN General Assembly.

During her career, Ms. Stoute has also served, inter alia, as: Secretary of several international conferences – in Berlin, Beijing, Bangkok, Geneva, Graz, Lima, Nairobi, Paris, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Stockholm, Vienna and Windhoek, as well as at UN Headquarters in New York – on Disarmament, Climate Change, Anti-Personnel Landmines, Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, Gender Mainstreaming in UN Peacekeeping Operations and Decolonization. She was the Secretary and Coordinator of the United Nations/People’s Republic of China Joint Conference on “A Disarmament Agenda for the 21st Century,” held in Beijing in 2002.

Ms. Stoute has represented the United Nations at international meetings in Washington, D.C., The Hague, at the “Appeal for Peace” Conference (the largest international peace conference in history – organized by Civil Society); and the “Women’s Empowerment in the Context of Human Security” Workshop, held in Bangkok. She served in Namibia for a year as the Deputy Head of an Electoral Centre and Deputy Director of a Regional Centre, during that country’s independence process in 1989/1990.

Over the years, she has been elected and/or nominated to the United Nations Staff Council, the Appointment and Promotion Committee, the Central Examination Board, the Specialized Board (Political) on External Examinations and the Staff/Management Joint Appeals Board, where she served as a Chairperson. She was selected by the Under-Secretary-General to be the Department for Disarmament Affairs’ Focal Point on Gender Mainstreaming in the United Nations. She initiated and coordinated the UN’s first Gender Mainstreaming Action Plan, which sought to identify ways and opportunities to simultaneously work for disarmament and gender equality. She was also the Department’s Liaison for both the Gender and the Disarmament NGO communities, as well as for its interaction with Civil Society.

Ms. Stoute was the President of the Group on Equal Rights for Women at the United Nations for three terms, the limit. She served as Senior Adviser to subsequent Presidents and hosted, at the annual conferences on International Women’s Day, dignitaries such as US First Ladies Hillary Clinton and Laura Bush, President Mary Robinson of Ireland and Ms. Bella Abzug, with whom she co-chaired one of the Conferences.

Following her retirement, Ms. Stoute returned to the United Nations and served for several years as Secretary of the Joint Appeals Board. She also served as a Member of the Board of Trustees and, subsequently, as Chairperson of the Board, of the Urban Resource Institute, a New York-based, multi-million dollar non-profit Organization dealing with battered women. She currently sits on several Boards in Trinidad and Tobago.

Ms. Stoute holds a BA and MA (Honors) in Economics.

As a practitioner, entrepreneur and researcher, Ashley Taylor is deeply immersed in the intersection of digital technologies and international security. Being a member of the first generation of blockchain entrepreneurs, Taylor was drawn early to the potential ramifications of encrypted communications and distributed ledger technologies on the integrity of commerce and social development. She co-founded a business to business credit protocol using blockchain, ReSource, where she currently leads compliance and business development


Currently she is compiling data and writing case studies on how cyberspace is weaponized, such as digital thefts of banks and cybercurrency exchanges, intrusions of computer networks to steal military-grade intellectual property, and hacks that modify technical and compliance databanks that normally prevent sanctions violations. She is simultaneously analyzing national regulations in regards to their application for UN sanctions implementation, and leading global trainings for private and public sector professionals in the prevention of cyber-attacks.


She received her B.A. at Duke University in Cultural Anthropology and Visual and Media Studies and has completed a bridge program in Computer Science at NYU’s Tandon School of Engineering and one year of an M.S. in Data Analysis and Data Visualization at CUNY Graduate Center.

“Cryptocurrency Challenges: Countering the weaponization of financial technologies that threaten security, undermine sanctions” for Indo-Pacific Defense Forum, Volume 45 Issue 3 2020, and Digital Methods for Circumventing UN Sanctions, A Case Study of the DPRK’s Cyber Force for CCSI in 2019.

Cryptocurrency Challenges | Indo-Pacific Defense Forum (

Alfredo Villavicencio is a Peruvian economist passionate about the UN, its structure, initiatives, and dynamics. With a professional background in environmental regulation and international development cooperation, he has an MIA from Columbia University’s SIPA with an Economic and Political Development concentration, and UN specialization. Through his work in CCSI, he is aligning his specialization with practical research on compliance with UN sanctions around the globe. He is looking forward to working in the UN, particularly, on the development program and/or post-conflict initiatives, where he considers that the UN plays a fundamental role.

Won Jang is a researcher on UN sanctions, politics in the Korean peninsula and the Middle East. Growing up in a post-2001 world where both the Korean peninsula and the Middle East were changing rapidly, he developed a keen interest in both regions. As a South Korean living in South Korea, Won decided to study political science in college to further his insight into the events that were shaping Korean society and beyond. During his studies, he had numerous exchanges with North Korean defectors as well as experts on North Korea, which contributed significantly to his understanding of North Korea. After college, he decided to live and work in Egypt to pursue his interest in the Middle East, where he stayed for more than four years. He has also worked on projects in Lebanon and Jordan. At CCSI, Won is interested in how sanctions work in relation to North Korea and Middle Eastern countries, and also the relationship between sanctions and humanitarian policy and women’s rights. He holds a Master of International Affairs degree from Columbia SIPA.